People > Shebiktu


Egypt History - Egyptian Chapter Decoration


Shebiktu, also known as Shabaka II or Shebitku, was a pharaoh of the 25th Dynasty of ancient Egypt. He reigned from approximately 702 to 690 BCE and was a member of the Kushite royal family. His reign is notable for military campaigns, diplomatic activities, and contributions to the cultural and religious life of Egypt. Here is an overview of Shebitku and his reign:


  1. 25th Dynasty (Kushite Dynasty):

    • The 25th Dynasty is also known as the Kushite Dynasty because its rulers were of Nubian origin, hailing from the Kingdom of Kush in what is now Sudan.
    • This dynasty is characterized by its efforts to revive and restore many of the traditions and architectural styles of earlier periods in Egyptian history, emphasizing a connection to the glories of the Old and Middle Kingdoms.
  2. Family and Ascension:

    • Shebitku was the nephew of Shabaka, his predecessor. After Shabaka’s death, Shebitku ascended to the throne, continuing the policies and legacy of his uncle.

Reign of Shebitku

  1. Military Campaigns:

    • Campaigns against Assyria: One of the significant aspects of Shebitku’s reign was his opposition to the expanding Assyrian Empire. He supported anti-Assyrian coalitions in the Levant and provided assistance to local rulers resisting Assyrian domination.
    • Defense of Egypt: Shebitku fortified Egypt’s borders and maintained a strong military presence to defend against potential invasions and ensure the stability of his kingdom.
  2. Diplomatic Activities:

    • Shebitku engaged in diplomatic efforts to forge alliances with neighboring states, particularly those threatened by Assyrian expansion. His diplomacy aimed to create a united front against common enemies.
    • He maintained relations with local rulers in the Levant and sought to strengthen Egypt’s influence in the region through both military and diplomatic means.
  3. Building Projects and Cultural Contributions:

    • Shebitku continued the architectural and religious projects initiated by his predecessors, focusing on the restoration and construction of temples and monuments.
    • Temple of Amun at Karnak: He contributed to the expansion and embellishment of the Temple of Amun at Karnak, one of the most important religious centers in Egypt.
    • Restoration Projects: Shebitku worked on restoring older monuments and temples, emphasizing the revival of ancient traditions and religious practices.
  4. Religious Influence:

    • Shebitku was a devout follower of Amun and other traditional Egyptian deities. He supported the priesthood and religious institutions, ensuring the continuation of religious ceremonies and festivals.
    • His reign saw the reinforcement of traditional religious practices and the integration of Nubian and Egyptian cultural elements.


  1. Historical Significance:

    • Shebitku’s reign is significant for his efforts to defend Egypt against external threats, particularly from the Assyrian Empire, and his contributions to the cultural and religious life of the country.
    • His military and diplomatic activities helped to maintain Egypt’s independence and influence during a period of regional instability.
  2. Archaeological Evidence:

    • Inscriptions, reliefs, and monuments from Shebitku’s reign provide valuable insights into his achievements and the political dynamics of the period.
    • His contributions to temple construction and restoration projects are evident in the surviving architectural remains and artifacts.
  3. Cultural Legacy:

    • Shebitku’s support for traditional religious practices and his efforts to restore ancient monuments reinforced the cultural continuity of Egypt, blending Nubian and Egyptian elements.
    • His reign contributed to the broader cultural renaissance of the 25th Dynasty, which sought to revive the glories of Egypt’s past.
  4. Succession:

    • Shebitku was succeeded by his brother Taharqa, one of the most famous pharaohs of the 25th Dynasty, who continued many of his policies and further expanded Egypt’s influence.


Shebitku was a pharaoh of the 25th Dynasty of ancient Egypt, ruling from approximately 702 to 690 BCE. His reign is notable for military campaigns against Assyrian expansion, diplomatic efforts to forge alliances, and significant contributions to cultural and religious life. Shebitku continued the architectural and restoration projects of his predecessors, reinforcing the revival of ancient traditions. His legacy includes his defense of Egypt, support for traditional religious practices, and efforts to blend Nubian and Egyptian cultural elements, paving the way for the achievements of his successors.

Sabalico Logo
Sabalytics Logo
World Map Logo
rStatistics Logo
Time Zone Logo
Galaxy View Logo
Periodic Table Logo
My Location Logo
Weather Track Logo
Sprite Sheet Logo
Barcode Generator Logo
Test Speed Logo
Website Tools Logo
Image Tools Logo
Color Tools Logo
Text Tools Logo
Finance Tools Logo
File Tools Logo
Data Tools Logo
History of Humanity - History Archive Logo
History of Humanity - History Mysteries Logo
History of Humanity - Ancient Mesopotamia Logo
History of Humanity - Egypt History Logo
History of Humanity - Persian Empire Logo
History of Humanity - Greek History Logo
History of Humanity - Alexander the Great Logo
History of Humanity - Roman History Logo
History of Humanity - Punic Wars Logo
History of Humanity - Golden Age of Piracy Logo
History of Humanity - Revolutionary War Logo