People > Pami


Egypt History - Egyptian Chapter Decoration


Pami, also known as Pimay or Pemi, was a pharaoh of the 22nd Dynasty of ancient Egypt, ruling from approximately 773 to 767 BCE. His reign occurred during the Third Intermediate Period, a time characterized by political fragmentation and division of power between various regional rulers. Pami's reign, though not extensively documented, is part of the Libyan dynasty's rule over Egypt, which had significant influence on the political and cultural landscape of the period. Here is an overview of Pami and his reign:


  1. 22nd Dynasty (Libyan Dynasty):

    • The 22nd Dynasty, also known as the Libyan Dynasty, was founded by Shoshenq I, who came to power around 943 BCE. The dynasty was characterized by rulers of Libyan descent who had settled in Egypt and integrated into its society.
    • The period saw the decentralization of power, with local rulers and high priests holding significant autonomy, particularly in Upper Egypt.
  2. Family and Lineage:

    • Pami was the son of Shoshenq III, a prominent ruler of the 22nd Dynasty, and his mother was Queen Djed-Bast-Es-Ankh. He succeeded his father to the throne.
    • His name, "Pami," means "the Cat," which may reflect a royal association with the feline goddess Bastet, popular in the Delta region where the dynasty had its base.

Reign of Pami

  1. Accession to the Throne:

    • Pami ascended to the throne following the death of his father, Shoshenq III. His reign was relatively short, lasting about six years.
    • The transition of power appears to have been relatively smooth, maintaining the Libyan Dynasty's control over Lower Egypt.
  2. Political Context:

    • Pami's reign took place during a time of significant political fragmentation in Egypt. The country was divided between the 22nd Dynasty in the north and rival factions in the south, including the 23rd Dynasty and local rulers in Thebes.
    • The decentralization of power continued, with local governors (nomarchs) and high priests wielding considerable influence, particularly in Upper Egypt.
  3. Administration and Governance:

    • Although detailed records of Pami's administrative actions are limited, it is likely that he continued the policies of his predecessors, focusing on maintaining control over the Delta region and securing alliances with powerful local leaders.
    • Pami's reign may have involved efforts to manage the complex relationships between the central government and regional authorities.

Challenges and Achievements

  1. Internal Strife and Regional Power:

    • Pami's reign was marked by ongoing internal strife and the challenge of maintaining centralized authority in a fragmented political landscape. Regional leaders and high priests continued to assert their autonomy.
    • Despite these challenges, Pami managed to keep the dynasty's core territories relatively stable.
  2. Religious Contributions:

    • Pami, like other pharaohs of the period, supported traditional religious practices and made offerings to the gods to legitimize his rule. His association with Bastet suggests a focus on promoting the cult of this popular deity.
    • Specific religious or architectural projects attributed to Pami are not well-documented, but his reign likely saw the continuation of temple activities and priestly support.

Death and Succession

  1. Death:

    • Pami died around 767 BCE. The cause of his death is not well-documented, but his relatively short reign suggests he may have died unexpectedly or faced significant health issues.
  2. Succession:

    • Pami was succeeded by his son, Shoshenq V, who continued to rule during the turbulent times of the Third Intermediate Period. The smooth succession indicates that Pami's family retained control over the throne.


  1. Historical Significance:

    • Pami's reign is significant for its continuation of the 22nd Dynasty's rule during a time of political fragmentation. His efforts to maintain stability in the Delta region and manage relationships with local powers are characteristic of the period.
    • Although his reign was brief, Pami's rule represents the ongoing challenges and dynamics of the Third Intermediate Period.
  2. Cultural and Religious Impact:

    • Pami's support for traditional religious practices and the cult of Bastet highlights the importance of religion in legitimizing royal authority and maintaining social cohesion.
    • His reign contributed to the cultural continuity of ancient Egypt during a time of political change.
  3. Archaeological Evidence:

    • Archaeological evidence from Pami's reign is limited, reflecting the general scarcity of records from this period. Inscriptions and artifacts bearing his name provide some insights into his rule.
    • The continuation of temple activities and religious offerings during his reign is attested by various minor inscriptions and references in later records.


Pami, ruling from approximately 773 to 767 BCE, was a pharaoh of the 22nd Dynasty during the Third Intermediate Period. His reign was marked by efforts to maintain stability in a politically fragmented Egypt, support for traditional religious practices, and the continuation of the Libyan Dynasty's influence in the Delta region. Despite the challenges of internal strife and regional autonomy, Pami's brief reign represents a period of relative continuity in the face of ongoing political and social changes. His legacy includes his contributions to maintaining the cultural and religious heritage of ancient Egypt during a time of significant transformation.

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