People > Irtiubast


Egypt History - Egyptian Chapter Decoration


Irtiubast, also known as Peftjauawybast or Peftjaubast, was a ruler of the 23rd Dynasty during the Third Intermediate Period of ancient Egypt. His reign took place during a time characterized by political fragmentation, regional power struggles, and the presence of multiple competing dynasties. Here is an overview of Irtiubast and his significance:


  1. Third Intermediate Period:

    • The Third Intermediate Period (c. 1069–664 BCE) was marked by the decline of centralized power following the end of the New Kingdom. During this era, Egypt was divided among various regional rulers, leading to a complex and fragmented political landscape.
    • Multiple dynasties, such as the 22nd, 23rd, and 25th Dynasties, vied for control over different parts of Egypt.
  2. 23rd Dynasty:

    • The 23rd Dynasty is often considered a parallel dynasty to the 22nd Dynasty, primarily ruling from Herakleopolis and Thebes in Middle and Upper Egypt. This dynasty emerged as local rulers asserted their independence amid the declining power of the 22nd Dynasty.
    • The rulers of the 23rd Dynasty were Libyan in origin, similar to the 22nd Dynasty, reflecting the continuing influence of Libyan leaders in Egyptian politics.

Reign of Irtiubast

  1. Ascension to Power:

    • Irtiubast's rise to power is not well-documented, but he likely became a local ruler amid the political instability of the Third Intermediate Period. He may have been a descendant or relative of other Libyan rulers who had established their authority in Middle and Upper Egypt.
    • His reign is typically placed around the mid-8th century BCE.
  2. Titles and Authority:

    • Irtiubast held the title of "King" and was recognized as a ruler in the region of Herakleopolis. His authority would have been primarily regional, with limited control over the entire country.
    • He was one of several contemporary rulers, each controlling different parts of Egypt, which reflects the decentralized nature of the period.

Achievements and Contributions

  1. Political and Military Actions:

    • Specific achievements and military actions attributed to Irtiubast are not well-recorded. Like other regional rulers of his time, his primary focus would have been on maintaining control over his territory, defending it against rivals, and managing internal affairs.
    • The period was characterized by frequent conflicts between different regional rulers, as well as threats from external forces such as the Nubians to the south.
  2. Religious and Cultural Contributions:

    • As a ruler during the Third Intermediate Period, Irtiubast would have supported local religious institutions and practices to legitimize his rule. This likely included contributions to temples and religious ceremonies.
    • His reign would have involved the promotion of traditional Egyptian religious practices, even as the political landscape continued to fragment.

Legacy and Impact

  1. Historical Significance:

    • Irtiubast's reign is emblematic of the political fragmentation and regionalism that characterized the Third Intermediate Period. His rule reflects the challenges faced by local rulers in maintaining stability and legitimacy amid a divided Egypt.
    • The limited historical records of his reign underscore the difficulties in reconstructing the detailed history of this tumultuous period.
  2. Archaeological Evidence:

    • There is scant archaeological evidence directly linked to Irtiubast. Most of what is known about him comes from later historical sources and references in king lists.
    • His reign contributes to the broader understanding of the complexity and regionalism of the Third Intermediate Period, highlighting the multiplicity of rulers and the localized nature of authority during this time.


Irtiubast, also known as Peftjauawybast, was a regional ruler during the 23rd Dynasty of ancient Egypt’s Third Intermediate Period. His reign, around the mid-8th century BCE, took place in a time of political fragmentation and regional power struggles. As a local king in Herakleopolis, Irtiubast’s authority was primarily regional, reflecting the decentralized nature of the period. Although specific achievements and military actions attributed to him are not well-documented, his rule is emblematic of the challenges faced by local rulers in maintaining stability and legitimacy. His contributions to religious and cultural life would have been essential for legitimizing his rule amid the complex political landscape of the Third Intermediate Period.


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