People > Pedubast II

Pedubast II

Egypt History - Egyptian Chapter Decoration


Pedubast II, also known as Peftjaubast, was a relatively obscure pharaoh of ancient Egypt who ruled during the Third Intermediate Period, specifically in the late 23rd Dynasty or early 24th Dynasty. His reign was brief and not well-documented, making details about his life and rule limited. Here is an overview of what is known about Pedubast II and his reign:


  1. Third Intermediate Period:

    • The Third Intermediate Period (circa 1069–664 BCE) was characterized by political fragmentation, regional divisions, and the presence of multiple competing dynasties in Egypt.
    • The period followed the decline of the New Kingdom and saw Egypt divided into various power centers, including Tanis in the north and Thebes in the south.
  2. Family and Lineage:

    • Details about Pedubast II's lineage are sparse, and there is limited information about his family background. He likely belonged to a prominent local family or was related to previous rulers in the region.

Reign of Pedubast II

  1. Accession to the Throne:

    • Pedubast II came to power during a time of significant political instability and fragmentation. His rise to power was likely contested by other regional leaders and rival claimants to the throne.
    • His exact position within the broader context of the 23rd and 24th Dynasties is unclear, but he appears to have ruled in the region around Herakleopolis or Bubastis.
  2. Political Context:

    • The political landscape during Pedubast II's time was highly fragmented, with multiple pharaohs and local rulers asserting their authority over different regions of Egypt.
    • His rule likely overlapped with that of other contemporary rulers such as Tefnakht and Shoshenq V, who were also vying for control over parts of Egypt.

Challenges and Downfall

  1. Rivalries and Conflicts:

    • Pedubast II’s reign was marked by ongoing rivalries and conflicts with other regional leaders. The lack of centralized authority made it difficult to maintain control over a unified Egypt.
    • The period saw frequent power struggles, shifting alliances, and military confrontations between competing factions.
  2. Short Reign:

    • Pedubast II’s reign was brief, suggesting that he may have faced significant opposition and challenges to his authority.
    • The exact circumstances of his downfall are not well-documented, but he was eventually succeeded by other regional rulers who continued to vie for control over Egypt.

Legacy and Historical Significance

  1. Historical Records:

    • Due to the brevity and obscurity of his reign, there are few surviving records or monuments attributed to Pedubast II. Most of what is known about him comes from later historical references and limited contemporary inscriptions.
    • The scarcity of evidence makes it difficult to assess the full extent of his contributions or impact on Egyptian history.
  2. Political Impact:

    • Pedubast II's brief rule highlights the broader challenges of the Third Intermediate Period, including the difficulty of maintaining centralized control and the prevalence of regional power struggles.
    • His reign is part of the complex and fragmented political landscape that characterized this period in ancient Egyptian history.
  3. Cultural and Religious Impact:

    • Like other rulers of the Third Intermediate Period, Pedubast II likely sought to legitimize his rule through support for traditional religious practices and the priesthood.
    • His reign would have been influenced by the cultural and religious dynamics of the time, although specific contributions to religious institutions are not well-documented.


Pedubast II, also known as Peftjaubast, was a pharaoh during the late 23rd Dynasty or early 24th Dynasty in the Third Intermediate Period of ancient Egypt. His reign was brief and occurred during a time of significant political fragmentation and regional rivalry. Limited historical records make it challenging to provide a detailed account of his life and rule. Pedubast II's reign is significant for illustrating the challenges faced by rulers during the Third Intermediate Period, including the difficulty of maintaining centralized authority and the prevalence of power struggles. His legacy is part of the broader context of political instability and regional division that characterized this era in ancient Egyptian history.

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