Egyptian People > Iunmin I

Iunmin I

Egypt History - Egyptian Chapter Decoration


Iunmin, also known as Iuwelot or Ini, was a prince and high-ranking official during the Third Intermediate Period of ancient Egypt. He was a member of the 22nd Dynasty, which was a line of Libyan-origin rulers who controlled parts of Egypt, particularly the Delta region. Iunmin's significance lies in his roles as a high priest of Amun and his involvement in the administration of the kingdom during a time of political fragmentation and regional power struggles. Here is an overview of Iunmin and his contributions:


  1. 22nd Dynasty:

    • The 22nd Dynasty (c. 945–712 BCE) was founded by Shoshenq I and is also known as the Bubastite Dynasty. It was characterized by the rule of Libyan-origin leaders who established their power base in the Delta region, particularly at Bubastis.
    • This period was marked by a division of power between the northern and southern parts of Egypt, with significant influence held by the high priests of Amun in Thebes.
  2. Family and Lineage:

    • Iunmin was a son of Osorkon II, one of the most powerful pharaohs of the 22nd Dynasty. His mother was Queen Karomama.
    • His family background provided him with a strong claim to significant religious and political roles within the kingdom.

Roles and Titles

  1. High Priest of Amun:

    • Iunmin held the prestigious position of High Priest of Amun in Thebes. This role was immensely powerful, as the high priest controlled the wealth and influence of the Amun priesthood, which was one of the most important religious institutions in Egypt.
    • As High Priest of Amun, Iunmin would have been responsible for overseeing temple activities, conducting important religious ceremonies, and managing the extensive temple estates.
  2. Administrative and Political Roles:

    • In addition to his religious duties, Iunmin likely played a significant role in the administration of Upper Egypt. His position would have required him to interact with other high-ranking officials and regional governors to ensure the stability and prosperity of the kingdom.

Achievements and Contributions

  1. Religious Contributions:

    • Iunmin’s tenure as High Priest of Amun would have involved maintaining and enhancing the religious and cultural activities centered around the temple of Amun at Karnak.
    • His efforts in supporting religious practices and temple construction would have reinforced the centrality of the Amun cult in Egyptian society.
  2. Political Stability:

    • By holding such a high-ranking religious position, Iunmin helped maintain a balance of power between the northern and southern regions of Egypt. His role was crucial in managing the political complexities of the Third Intermediate Period.
    • His influence would have been instrumental in ensuring that the interests of the 22nd Dynasty were represented and protected in Thebes.

Legacy and Impact

  1. Historical Significance:

    • Iunmin’s contributions as High Priest of Amun reflect the significant role that religious leaders played in the political and social life of ancient Egypt during the Third Intermediate Period.
    • His work helped sustain the religious and cultural traditions of Egypt, even during times of political fragmentation.
  2. Cultural Impact:

    • The high priests of Amun were often involved in significant cultural and architectural projects. Iunmin’s tenure likely saw the continuation of such activities, contributing to the artistic and architectural heritage of Thebes.
    • His efforts would have ensured the ongoing veneration of Amun and the maintenance of temple complexes, which were central to Egyptian religion and culture.


Iunmin, also known as Iuwelot or Ini, was a prominent figure during the 22nd Dynasty of ancient Egypt’s Third Intermediate Period. As a son of Osorkon II, he held the powerful position of High Priest of Amun in Thebes, overseeing religious activities and managing temple estates. His role was crucial in maintaining the balance of power between the northern and southern regions of Egypt, ensuring political stability and supporting the cultural and religious life of the kingdom. Iunmin’s contributions helped sustain the religious traditions of Egypt and reinforced the centrality of the Amun cult during a time of political complexity and regional division.

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Dodson, Aidan and Hilton, Dyan. The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson. 2004. ISBN 0-500-05128-3

Porter, Bertha and Moss, Rosalind, Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Statues, Reliefs and Paintings Volume III: Memphis, Part I Abu Rawash to Abusir. 2nd edition (revised and augmented by Dr Jaromir Malek, 1974.

Hassan, Selim. Excavations at Gîza 7: 1935-1936. The Mastabas of the Seventh Season and their Description. Cairo: Government Press, 1953.

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