Egyptian Warfare > Egyptian Chariots

Egyptian Chariots

Egypt History - Egyptian Chapter Decoration


Egyptian chariots were an iconic and essential component of ancient Egyptian warfare during the New Kingdom period (circa 1550–1077 BCE). They played a crucial role on the battlefield, providing mobility, speed, and firepower to the Egyptian army. Here's an overview of Egyptian chariots:

  1. Design and Construction: Egyptian chariots were lightweight, two-wheeled vehicles made primarily of wood, although some metal reinforcements may have been used. They were typically constructed using a combination of hardwoods such as oak, ash, or acacia, which provided strength and durability. The chariots were designed to be lightweight and maneuverable, allowing them to travel quickly across various types of terrain.

  2. Components: A typical Egyptian chariot consisted of several key components:

    • Chassis: The main body of the chariot, which was constructed from a wooden frame and platform.
    • Axle: A solid wooden or metal rod that connected the two wheels of the chariot.
    • Wheels: Wooden spoked wheels with metal rims, designed for strength and stability.
    • Pole: A long wooden shaft attached to the front of the chariot, used to hitch the horses and steer the vehicle.
    • Harness: Leather straps and fittings used to secure the horses to the chariot and control their movements.
    • Driver's platform: A small raised platform at the rear of the chariot where the charioteer stood or sat.
  3. Crew: Each Egyptian chariot was crewed by two individuals:

    • Charioteer: The charioteer was responsible for driving the chariot, controlling the horses, and maneuvering on the battlefield. Charioteers were highly trained and skilled warriors who underwent extensive training in chariot handling and combat tactics.
    • Archer: The archer was armed with a composite bow and a quiver of arrows. He was positioned in the front of the chariot, facing forward, and was tasked with engaging enemy troops from a distance during battle.
  4. Tactics and Warfare: Egyptian chariots were used extensively in both offensive and defensive military operations. They were deployed en masse on the battlefield, where they would maneuver rapidly to outflank and encircle enemy forces. Charioteers would rain down arrows on enemy troops from a distance, inflicting casualties and disrupting enemy formations. Chariots were also used for reconnaissance, pursuit, and raiding behind enemy lines.

  5. Symbolism and Status: In addition to their military function, Egyptian chariots were also symbols of status, wealth, and prestige. They were often depicted in royal and funerary art, where they symbolized the power and authority of the pharaoh and the elite warrior class. Chariots were also used in ceremonial processions, hunting expeditions, and royal parades, further reinforcing their symbolic significance in Egyptian society.

In summary, Egyptian chariots were highly specialized and technologically advanced vehicles that played a crucial role in ancient Egyptian warfare during the New Kingdom period. They provided mobility, speed, and firepower to the Egyptian army, allowing them to dominate the battlefield and secure military victories against their enemies.


Joost Crouwel (2013). "Studying the Six Chariots from the Tomb of Tutankhamun - An Update". In Veldmeijer, Andre J.; Ikram, Salima. Chasing Chariots: Proceedings of the First International Chariot Conference (Cairo 2012). Sidestone Press. p. 74. ISBN 978-9088902093.

Lloyd, Alan B. (2010). A Companion to Ancient Egyp. Wiley Blackwell. p. 438. ISBN 978-1-4051-5598-4.

Drews, Robert (1995). The end of the Bronze Age: changes in warfare and the catastrophe ca. 1200 B.C. (new ed.). Princeton University Press. p. 221. ISBN 978-0-691-02591-9.

Littauer, M.A.; J. H. Crouwel (1979). Wheeled vehicles and ridden animals in the ancient Near East. Brill. p. 98. ISBN 978-90-04-05953-5.

Gaebel, Robert E. Cavalry operations in the ancient Greek world. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 40. ISBN 978-0-8061-3444-4.

Egypt Warfare

Sabalico Logo
Sabalytics Logo
World Map Logo
rStatistics Logo
Time Zone Logo
Galaxy View Logo
Periodic Table Logo
My Location Logo
Weather Track Logo
Sprite Sheet Logo
Barcode Generator Logo
Test Speed Logo
Website Tools Logo
Image Tools Logo
Color Tools Logo
Text Tools Logo
Finance Tools Logo
File Tools Logo
Data Tools Logo
History of Humanity - History Archive Logo
History of Humanity - History Mysteries Logo
History of Humanity - Ancient Mesopotamia Logo
History of Humanity - Egypt History Logo
History of Humanity - Persian Empire Logo
History of Humanity - Greek History Logo
History of Humanity - Alexander the Great Logo
History of Humanity - Roman History Logo
History of Humanity - Punic Wars Logo
History of Humanity - Golden Age of Piracy Logo
History of Humanity - Revolutionary War Logo