Egyptian Nomes > Wadjet


Egypt History - Egyptian Chapter Decoration


The ancient Egyptian nome of Wadjet, also known as the "Cobra Nome" or the "Papyrus Swamp" nome, was the 10th nome of Lower Egypt. This nome was significant for its religious importance, economic contributions, and strategic location within the Nile Delta.

Key Features of the Nome of Wadjet (Cobra Nome):

  1. Geographical Location:

    • The nome of Wadjet was located in the central part of the Nile Delta in Lower Egypt, encompassing the area around the modern city of Tell el-Basta (ancient Bubastis).
    • This region was characterized by its fertile lands, numerous waterways, and marshes, making it an ideal area for agriculture and trade.
  2. Capital City (Bubastis):

    • The capital city of the Wadjet Nome was Bubastis, known in ancient Egyptian as Per-Bastet, meaning "House of Bastet."
    • Bubastis was an important administrative, religious, and cultural center within the nome, renowned for its grand temples and festivals.
  3. Religious Significance:

    • The primary deity worshipped in Bubastis was Bastet, the lioness-headed goddess of home, fertility, and childbirth, who later became associated with cats. Bastet was also seen as a protector and was associated with music, dance, and joy.
    • Bubastis was home to the great Temple of Bastet, one of the most significant and magnificent temples in ancient Egypt. This temple complex was a major pilgrimage site, attracting worshippers from across the country.
    • The annual Festival of Bastet, held in Bubastis, was one of the most popular and widely celebrated festivals in ancient Egypt. It involved music, dancing, feasting, and processions, reflecting the goddess's joyful and protective nature.
  4. Economic Importance:

    • The fertile lands of the Wadjet Nome supported extensive agricultural activities, including the cultivation of grains, vegetables, and flax. This agricultural productivity was crucial for the region's economy and food supply.
    • Bubastis's strategic location within the Nile Delta made it a central hub for trade and commerce. Goods from various parts of Egypt and neighboring regions passed through the nome, contributing to its economic prosperity.
    • The city's artisans were known for their skill in crafting, particularly in producing items related to the worship of Bastet, such as statues, amulets, and other religious artifacts.
  5. Historical Development:

    • The nome of Wadjet has a long history dating back to the early dynastic periods of Egypt. Its significance continued throughout ancient Egyptian history, including the Old, Middle, and New Kingdoms.
    • During the Late Period (c. 664-332 BCE), Bubastis gained prominence as a major cultural and religious center. Pharaohs and officials contributed to the development and expansion of the city's temples and infrastructure.
  6. Cultural Contributions:

    • The Wadjet Nome was a center of cultural and intellectual activity. The city's priests, scribes, and artisans played essential roles in the preservation and transmission of knowledge, particularly in the fields of religion, art, and literature.
    • Religious festivals and ceremonies dedicated to Bastet and other deities were significant cultural events, reflecting the deeply rooted religious traditions of the region.
    • Bubastis was known for its lively and festive atmosphere, especially during the annual Festival of Bastet, which drew participants from across Egypt and beyond.
  7. Archaeological Discoveries:

    • Excavations in Bubastis and the surrounding areas have uncovered numerous artifacts, including statues, stelae, temple remains, and inscriptions. These findings provide valuable insights into the religious practices, daily life, and historical development of the region.
    • Significant archaeological discoveries include the remains of the Temple of Bastet, richly decorated tombs, and reliefs depicting various aspects of ancient Egyptian life.
  8. Strategic and Military Importance:

    • Due to its strategic location within the Nile Delta, Bubastis was an important center for trade and military expeditions. The city's position allowed it to control and facilitate trade routes between Upper and Lower Egypt, as well as with neighboring regions.
    • The control of the Wadjet Nome was vital for maintaining security and stability in Lower Egypt and for protecting the valuable agricultural and economic resources of the region.

The nome of Wadjet, with its capital at Bubastis, played a crucial role in the religious, economic, and strategic landscape of ancient Egypt. Its association with the worship of Bastet, its agricultural productivity, and its strategic location underscored its significance throughout Egyptian history. The cultural and religious contributions of Bubastis, along with its economic and strategic importance, made the Wadjet Nome an essential center for the political, cultural, and spiritual life of ancient Egypt.


"An Egyptian Village in the Age of Justinian" in The Journal of Hellenic Studies, Vol. 64, 1944 (1944), pp. 21-36

Sabalico Logo
Sabalytics Logo
World Map Logo
rStatistics Logo
Time Zone Logo
Galaxy View Logo
Periodic Table Logo
My Location Logo
Weather Track Logo
Sprite Sheet Logo
Barcode Generator Logo
Test Speed Logo
Website Tools Logo
Image Tools Logo
Color Tools Logo
Text Tools Logo
Finance Tools Logo
File Tools Logo
Data Tools Logo
History of Humanity - History Archive Logo
History of Humanity - History Mysteries Logo
History of Humanity - Ancient Mesopotamia Logo
History of Humanity - Egypt History Logo
History of Humanity - Persian Empire Logo
History of Humanity - Greek History Logo
History of Humanity - Alexander the Great Logo
History of Humanity - Roman History Logo
History of Humanity - Punic Wars Logo
History of Humanity - Golden Age of Piracy Logo
History of Humanity - Revolutionary War Logo