Egyptian Nomes > Sapi-Res


Egypt History - Egyptian Chapter Decoration


The ancient Egyptian nome of Sapi-Res, also known as the "Eastern Door" or the "Eastern Nome," was the 20th nome of Lower Egypt. This nome held significant importance due to its strategic location in the eastern Nile Delta, its religious significance, and its economic contributions.

Key Features of the Nome of Sapi-Res (Eastern Door Nome):

  1. Geographical Location:

    • The nome of Sapi-Res was located in the northeastern part of the Nile Delta in Lower Egypt, encompassing areas that are now part of the modern Ismailia Governorate and surrounding regions.
    • This region was strategically positioned near the eastern border of Egypt, making it a crucial area for trade, defense, and communication with neighboring regions, particularly the Levant.
  2. Capital City (Tjeku):

    • The capital city of the Sapi-Res Nome was Tjeku, known in ancient Egyptian texts and sometimes identified with the modern archaeological site of Tell el-Maskhuta.
    • Tjeku served as a significant administrative and military center within the nome.
  3. Religious Significance:

    • The primary deity worshipped in this nome was Seth (Set), the god of chaos, storms, and the desert. Seth was often associated with the eastern deserts and border regions, reflecting the nome's geographical and strategic importance.
    • Temples and shrines dedicated to Seth and other local deities played a central role in the religious life of the nome, attracting worshippers and pilgrims from across the region.
    • The nome was also associated with the worship of other deities, including Ra, due to its location and the influence of solar worship in the eastern Delta.
  4. Economic Importance:

    • The fertile lands of the Sapi-Res Nome supported extensive agricultural activities, including the cultivation of grains, vegetables, and flax. This agricultural productivity was vital for the local economy and food supply.
    • The nome’s strategic location near the eastern border made it a crucial hub for trade and commerce. Goods from the Levant and other neighboring regions passed through this nome, contributing to its economic prosperity.
    • The presence of key trade routes, including caravan routes and waterways, facilitated the movement of goods and people, enhancing the nome's economic significance.
  5. Historical Development:

    • The nome of Sapi-Res has a long history dating back to the early dynastic periods of Egypt. Its significance continued throughout ancient Egyptian history, including the Old, Middle, and New Kingdoms.
    • During the New Kingdom (c. 1550-1070 BCE), the nome played a crucial role in Egypt's interactions with the Levant and other neighboring regions, both in terms of trade and military campaigns.
    • The nome was also significant during the Late Period (c. 664-332 BCE) and into the Ptolemaic and Roman periods, reflecting its enduring importance as a border region.
  6. Cultural Contributions:

    • The Sapi-Res Nome was a center of cultural and intellectual activity. The city's artisans, scribes, and priests played essential roles in the preservation and transmission of knowledge, particularly in the fields of religion, art, and literature.
    • Religious festivals and ceremonies dedicated to Seth and other deities were significant cultural events, reflecting the deeply rooted religious traditions of the region.
  7. Archaeological Discoveries:

    • Excavations in the Sapi-Res Nome, particularly around Tell el-Maskhuta, have uncovered numerous artifacts, including statues, stelae, temple remains, and inscriptions. These findings provide valuable insights into the religious practices, daily life, and historical development of the region.
    • Significant archaeological discoveries include the remains of temples dedicated to Seth and other deities, as well as administrative buildings and fortifications.
  8. Strategic and Military Importance:

    • Due to its strategic location near Egypt's eastern border, the Sapi-Res Nome was an important center for defense and military expeditions. The city's position allowed it to control and facilitate trade routes between Egypt and the Levant, as well as with other neighboring regions.
    • The nome's fortifications and military outposts were crucial for protecting Egypt's eastern frontier and maintaining security and stability in the region.

The nome of Sapi-Res, with its capital at Tjeku, played a crucial role in the religious, economic, and strategic landscape of ancient Egypt. Its association with the worship of Seth, its agricultural productivity, and its strategic location underscored its significance throughout Egyptian history. The cultural and religious contributions of the Sapi-Res Nome, along with its economic and strategic importance, made it an essential center for the political, cultural, and spiritual life of ancient Egypt.

Warning: include(/home/humanityhistory/public_html/addons/domains/ failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /home/humanityhistory/public_html/addons/domains/ on line 76

Warning: include(): Failed opening '/home/humanityhistory/public_html/addons/domains/' for inclusion (include_path='.:/opt/cpanel/ea-php73/root/usr/share/pear') in /home/humanityhistory/public_html/addons/domains/ on line 76


Sabalico Logo
Sabalytics Logo
World Map Logo
rStatistics Logo
Time Zone Logo
Galaxy View Logo
Periodic Table Logo
My Location Logo
Weather Track Logo
Sprite Sheet Logo
Barcode Generator Logo
Test Speed Logo
Website Tools Logo
Image Tools Logo
Color Tools Logo
Text Tools Logo
Finance Tools Logo
File Tools Logo
Data Tools Logo
History of Humanity - History Archive Logo
History of Humanity - History Mysteries Logo
History of Humanity - Ancient Mesopotamia Logo
History of Humanity - Egypt History Logo
History of Humanity - Persian Empire Logo
History of Humanity - Greek History Logo
History of Humanity - Alexander the Great Logo
History of Humanity - Roman History Logo
History of Humanity - Punic Wars Logo
History of Humanity - Golden Age of Piracy Logo
History of Humanity - Revolutionary War Logo